Frontenac Arch Biosphere Reserve (FABR)

The Frontenac Arch Biosphere Reserve (visit is a source of pride here and a world treasure. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) recognized the global significance and beauty of this region and designated it as a World Biosphere Reserve in 2002.

Jones_Creek_trail.jpgYou'll find it here ... Food, art, paddling, biking and hiking trails, history and natural diversity: Today there is much to see and do at the Arch and by visiting their website you can learn more about local food producers and distributors (Savour the Arch); local artists and artisans and their galleries and studio tours; paddling, biking and hiking trails; cultural and heritage sites and accommodation. Five great forest regions and the eastern continent meet and intermingle here, giving the region Canada's greatest diversity of plant and animal species over a 2,700-square kilometre area.

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Where Mountains Collided: The Frontenac Arch is a ridge of ancient granite that joins the Adirondack Mountains to the Canadian Shield. To many, the Canadian Shield is the quintessential Canadian landscape, the rugged north and a land of lakes and forests. Many visitors, and even residents, don't realize that a portion of the shield extends southward through Ontario and into the U.S. In the tradition of the local Mohawks, this massive landform is known as "The Bones of the Mother." The Frontenac Arch and the Canadian Shield were a massive range of towering mountains at one time. It took hundreds of millions of years for these mountains to weather down to their roots. This rock is the oldest in the world, according to FABR officials.

 Thousand Islands: The lowest elevation along the Frontenac Arch lies at the east end of Lake Ontario. The lake owes its existence to the Arch. It nearly impounded it. Through the last ice ages, glaciers bulldozed the basins for the Great Lakes and as the lakes filled to the brim, they overflowed on their race to the sea. The Lake's waters rose up the flanks of the Frontenac Arch, far enough to spill between the granite hilltops. A thousand hilltops, actually the roots of the ancient mountains, because the Thousand Islands in this flooded landscape.


St. Lawrence River Valley: The Arch connects the Canadian Shield and the boreal forest to the forests of the Adirondack and Appalachian Mountains while the river valley formed a route from the Great Lakes forest heartland of the continent to the forests of the Atlantic Coast. The Thousand Islands are the intersection of the Frontenac Arch and the St. Lawrence River Valley.

Frontenac Arch Biosphere Network (FABN) is a non profit, non-government, volunteer-based organization which coordinates sustainable activities within the biosphere. More than 80 organizations and agencies work as partners in the FABN to develop a sustainable community.